The best time to visit Cuc Phuong National Park is during the dry season, from December to April, when the hard forest rain accounting for 90% of the annual rainfall is over. Cuc Phuong National Park is located 160 km south of Hanoi in Ninh Binh province. The park is conveniently located on the route to several tourist attractions, including Bich Dong Pagoda, Hoa Lu, and Sam Son Beach. It was officially opened in 1960 as the first national park in Vietnam.
Cuc Phuong National Park is surrounded by several limestone cliffs, the highest being May Bac, meaning "silver cloud," with a height of 656 m. There are plenty of plants and mammals living in the park. There are an estimated 2,000 different species of flora and the 450 species fauna account for 38% of the national fauna.
Thanks to the limestone terrain, Cuc Phuong National Park has a multitude of caves, including Thang Khuyet Cave, Con Moong Cave, Pho Ma Cave, and Nguoi Xua Cave. Quen Voi, also part of the park, is where Nguyen Hue’s army was stationed before it made its surprise attack on Thanh Long and defeated Thanh enemies in the spring of 1789.
Global environmental programs led by the UNDP, United Nations Development Program, and FFI, Flora and Fauna International, researched the distinguished primitiveness of the tropical forest and the monsoon influence on Southeast Asia in Cuc Phuong National Park.
Cuc Phuong stands out among its similar for the kilometers of pathways that pass through ancient forests filled with vines and creepers. The many caves that can be seen along the way were inhabited by prehistoric people. The streams, waterfalls and traditional villages that make up this nature reserve are also attractive to tourists. The botanical richness of the forest in the Cuc Phuong National Park is impressive. This primeval forest has ancient trees, parasitic plants and various species of vines, many of which have been introduced from neighboring regions such as Myanmar, India and Borneo. Some of the large trees that populate the park as the Parashorea Stellata and Terminalia Myriocarpa exceed the 50 meters high and date back over a thousand years old.
In Cuc Phuong have also been discovered nearly 500 new medicinal plants, both native and foreign, which grow wild in the park. Multiple exotic mammals such as panthers, bears, monkeys, gibbons and flying squirrels also inhabit this nature reserve. In addition to the always beautiful pheasants that abound in the region, nature lovers will appreciate the 250 different species of birds and 64 mammals, including tigers, leopards, bats, feral pigs, and flying squirrels among others.
Cuc Phuong is home to numerous caves with prehistoric remains such as Nguoi Xua, where they have discovered two ancient tombs and various Neolithic remains. In the caves of Khuyet Trang, Minh Thanh and with Mong also similar remains have been found and Hang Dan is famous for its bat population. Another attraction of these caves are the woodland sets that grow in its vicinity, where light and moisture conditions are ideal. Numerous varieties of orchids adorn the surroundings.
Back in 1966, in one of these caves were excavated three graves containing mollusk shells, animal teeth, rudimentary stone tools and prehistoric human remains. The access to these caves and grottoes is relatively easy through the hiking trails around the park. The tours are led by native park rangers who know and promote the protection of the area.
Besides, it offers for your Vietnam Luxury holidays baths in therapeutic hot springs of the park, which is maintained at the constant temperature of 37 degrees Celsius and contains over 20 chemicals with healing properties.